Ep. 45 - Impactful Psychological Experiments
Ep. 44 - Luka Magnotta & Killing for Fame
Ep. 43 - Samuel Little & Victimology, MO's, and Signatures
 FBI. (2019, October 06). FBI Seeking Assistance Connecting Victims to Samuel Little’s Confessions. FBI. https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/samuel-little-most-prolific-serial-killer-in-us-history-100619.
 Abdollah, T. (2013, April 07). More cases connected to L.A. serial killer suspect. Star Advertiser. https://www.staradvertiser.com/2013/04/07/breaking-news/more-cases-connected-to-l-a-serial-killer-suspect/.
 Beeman, A. (2021, April 15). Here's what we know about serial killer Samuel Little's childhood. Grunge. https://www.grunge.com/383411/heres-what-we-know-about-serial-killer-sam-littles-childhood/.
 Beeman, A. (2022, September 21). Mary Brosley Was Samuel Little’s First Murder Victim. Heavy. https://heavy.com/entertainment/2020/08/mary-brosley-samuel-littles-first-victim/.
 Brogle, C. (2020, April 12). What Murder Did Serial Killer Sam Little Go To Trial For, Years Before Finally Facing Justice?. Oxygen True Crime. https://www.oxygen.com/catching-a-serial-killer-sam-little/crime-news/sam-little-case-acquitted-patricia-mount.
Diaz, J. (2020). Samuel Little, The Nation’s Most Prolific Serial Killer, Dies At 80. National Public Radio. Retrieved from: https://www.npr.org/2020/12/31/951918219/samuel-little-the-nations-most-prolific-serial-killer-dies-at-80
Ep. 42 - Cults III: Anthill Kids & Types of Cults
Ep. 41 - Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh Communities & Forensic Epidemiology
Bonus Episode - Resources & Sources
NWAC (Native Women's Association of Canada) Elder Support Line | Canada-Wide
Ep. 39 - Plane Crashes & Forensic Engineering
Ep. 38 - Alexander Litvinenko & Radiation Poisoning
Ep. 37 - Ray Krone & Forensic Podiatry
 Burrow, J. G. (2016). The use of the Podotrack in forensic podiatry for collection and analysis of bare footprints using the Reel method of measurement. Science & Justice, 56(3), 216-222.
Ep. 36 - Richard Ramirez & Stalking pt. 2
Ep. 35 - Patricia Allen & Stalking pt. 1
Ep. 34 - The Red Head Murders & Forensic Taphonomy
Ep. 33 - The Romanovs & Forensic Anthropology
Ep. 32 - Al Capone & Forensic Accounting
 A&E Television Networks. (2009, November 13). The St. Valentine's Day Massacre. History.com [Internet]. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-st-valentines-day-massacre
 Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia (2022, January 21). Al Capone. Encyclopedia Britannica [Internet]. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Al-Capone
 Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia (2022, February 7). Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre. Encyclopedia Britannica [Internet]. https://www.britannica.com/event/Saint-Valentines-Day-Massacre.
 Crumbly DL., & Apostolou N. (2018). America’s First (and Most Fearless) High-profile Forensic Accountant [Internet]. http://abfa.us/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Americas-First-2.5.18-site.pdf.
 Daugherty, G. (2021, October 29). How Al Capone spent his time in Alcatraz. History.com [Internet]. https://www.history.com/news/al-capone-alcatraz.
 FBI. (2016, May 18). Al Capone. FBI [Internet]. https://www.fbi.gov/history/famous-cases/al-capone.
 The TASA Group. (n.d.). Forensic Accountants: Why, When, and How to Hire Them [Internet]. https://www.tasanet.com/Knowledge-Center/Articles/ArtMID/477/ArticleID/343563/Forensic-Accountants-Why-When-and-How-to-Hire-Them.
 Hayes, A. (2020). Forensic Accounting. Investopedia.com [Internet]. investopedia.com/terms/f/forensicaccounting.asp.
history.com Editors (2019). Al Capone. History.com [Internet]. https://www.history.com/topics/crime/al-capone.
 Roufa T. (2019). What Does a Forensic Accountant Do?. The Balance Careers [Internet]. https://www.thebalancecareers.com/forensic-accountant-job-information-974648#:~:text=Forensic%20accountants%20who%20provide%20investigative,fraud%20and%20other%20financial%20crimes.
 Ministry of Finance of British Columbia. (n.d.). Investigation and Forensic Unit Policy and Procedures Manual. https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/british-columbians-our-governments/organizational-structure/public-service/investigation_and_forensic_unit_policy_and_procedures_manual.pdf?bcgovtm=2free.
 Tuovilq, A. (2020). Audit. Investopedia.com [Internet]. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/audit.asp.
 Zysman A. (n.d.). Forensic Accounting Demystified [Internet]. https://www.forensicaccounting.com/index.htm.
Ep. 31 - Steven Truscott & Forensic Entomology
 Anderson, G. (2000). Minimum and maximum development rates of some forensically important Calliphoridae (Diptera). Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45, 824 - 832.
 Anderson, G. (2016, June 15). Entomology - A Primer. Canadian Society of Forensic Science. Retrieved from: https://www.csfs.ca/entomology/
 Anderson, G. (n.d.). Forensic Entomology: The Use of Insects in Death Investigation. Simon Frasier University. Retrieved from: https://www.sfu.ca/~ganderso/forensicentomology.htm
 Benecke, M. (2001). A brief history of forensic entomology. Forensic Science International, 120(1-2), 2 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00409-1
 Canadian Press (2007, August 28). Chronology: Key events in the Steven Truscott case. CTV News [internet]. https://www.ctvnews.ca/chronology-key-events-in-the-steven-truscott-case-1.254270.
 Cheryl Lynne Harper. Find a Grave [internet]. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6490182/cheryl-lynne-harper.
 Decomposition: fly life cycle and development times. (2019, January 25). Australian Museum. Retrieved from: https://australian.museum/learn/science/decomposition-fly-life-cycles/
 Forensic Entomology. (n.d.). Crime Museum. Retrieved from: https://www.crimemuseum.org/crime-library/forensic-investigation/forensic-entomology/
 Forsyth, B. (2016, October). Case not closed: The enduring tragedy of the Harper – Truscott murder case. Canadian Military History [internet]. https://militarybruce.com/case-not-closed-the-enduring-tragedy-of-the-harper-truscott-murder-case/
 Gregory, S. (2015, October 09). Lynne Harper murder still affects Lawson 56 years later. Seaforth Huron Expositor [internet]. https://www.seaforthhuronexpositor.com/2015/10/09/lynne-harper-murder-still-affects-lawson-56-years-later.
 Gemmellaro, D. (2017, June 21). Forensic Entomology: Where Insects Meet the Law. Entomology Today. Retrieved from: https://entomologytoday.org/2017/06/21/forensic-entomology-where-insects-meet-the-law/
 Harland-Logan, S. (n.d.). Steven Truscott. Innocence Canada [internet]. https://www.innocencecanada.com/exonerations/steven-truscott/.
 L.W. (n.d.). Bio: Steven Truscott. [internet]. http://people.stu.ca/~mccormic/3503WRONGFUL%21/workbook/BioTruscott.html.
 Makin, K. (2018, September 13). Steven Truscott Case. Canadian Encyclopedia [internet]. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/steven-truscott-case.
 Ontario Justice Education Network (n.d.). Timeline of Events for the Steven Truscott Case. [internet]. https://ojen.ca/wp-content/uploads/Steven-Truscott-Case-Timeline.pdf.
 Saferstein, R. (2018). Role of Forensic Entomologist. In Criminalistics: an introduction to forensic science (12th ed., pp. 122 - 123). Pearson Education.
 VanLaerhoven, S.L., Merritt, R.W. (2019, Aug). 50 years later, insect evidence overturns Canada’s most notorious case — Regina v. Steven Truscott. Forensic Science International, 301(Special Issue Cold Cases): 326-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.04.032.
 Yates, D. (2015, January 04). The search for Lynne Harper. Goderich Signal-Star [internet]. https://www.goderichsignalstar.com/2015/01/04/the-search-for-lynne-harper.
 (2020). Stephen Truscott -- Timeline. [internet]. http://people.stu.ca/~mccormic/3503WRONGFUL%21/workbook/TimelineTruscott.html.
Ep. 30 - Ted Kaczynski & Forensic Linguistics
 Anderson, J. & Brown, M. December 24, 2021. Unabomber Ted Kaczynski transferred from Supermax prison to a medical facility. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from: https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2021-12-24/unabomber-ted-kaczynski-moved-prison-medical-facility
Ep. 29 - Lindbergh Kidnapping & Document Examination
 Britannica, T. Editors of Encyclopaedia (2022, January 31). Charles Lindbergh. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-Lindbergh
 Canadian Centre for Forensic Science. (n.d.). Documents. Canadian Centre for Forensic Science. https://www.csfs.ca/what-we-do/disciplines-sections/documents/.
 FBI. (2016, May 18). Lindbergh kidnapping. FBI. Retrieved February 1, 2022, from https://www.fbi.gov/history/famous-cases/lindbergh-kidnapping
 Kidnapping and trial. Minnesota Historical Society. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2022, from https://www.mnhs.org/lindbergh/learn/kidnapping
 National Forensic Science Technology Center (NFSTC). (n.d.). A Simplified Guide To Forensic Document Examination. National Forensic Science Technology Center (NFSTC). http://www.forensicsciencesimplified.org/docs/QuestionedDocuments.pdf
 Norwitch Document Laboratory. (2019, June). Indented Writing. Norwitch Document Laboratory. https://www.questioneddocuments.com/indented-writing/
 Ray, M. (2021, February 22). Lindbergh baby kidnapping. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/event/Lindbergh-baby-kidnapping
 Scientific Working Group for Forensic Document Examination, SWGDOC (2018, March 12). What Does a Forensic Document Examiner Do?. Scientific Working Group for Forensic Document Examination, SWGDOC. https://www.swgdoc.org/.
Ep. 28 - Mark Twitchell & Blood Pattern Analysis
 BCA. (n.d.). Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension. Retrieved from: https://dps.mn.gov/divisions/bca/bca-divisions/forensic-science/Pages/forensic-programs-crime-scene-bpa.aspx
 Bennett, D. (2011, March 21). Wife of accused killer thought he was with shrink. CTV News. https://bc.ctvnews.ca/wife-of-accused-killer-thought-he-was-with-shrink-1.621415.
 CBC News. (2011, April 05). Twitchell directed police to remains. CBC News. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/twitchell-directed-police-to-remains-1.1044329
 CBC News. (2011, March 22). Slain man called friend after garage visit, Twitchell jury told. CBC News. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/slain-man-called-friend-after-garage-visit-twitchell-jury-told-1.1051080
 CBS News Editors. (2012, July 10). Mark Twitchell: A closer look at the evidence. CBS News. https://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/mark-twitchell-a-closer-look-at-the-evidence/3/.
 Frasier, B. (2019, November 26). Bloodstain Pattern Analysis. FRSC 2200: Basic Sciences for Forensics. Halifax; Nova Scotia.
 Gelinas, B. (2011, April 01). Bio: House of Cards crew. Edmonton Journal. https://edmontonjournal.com/news/bio-house-of-cards-crew
 Gelinas, B. (2011, March 15). Bio - Mark Andrew Twitchell. Edmonton Journal. https://edmontonjournal.com/news/bio-mark-andrew-twitchell.
 Habib, A. (2019, September). Crime Scene Investigations. FRSC 2200: Basic Sciences for Forensics. Halifax; Nova Scotia.
 Naves, A.W. (2021, June 19). The Dexter Killer – Mark Twitchell. Medium. https://medium.com/dark-aberrations/the-murder-of-johnny-altinger-3dcc0a6883f8.
 Peschel, O., Kunz, S. N., Rothschild, M. A., & Mützel, E. (2011). Blood stain pattern analysis. Forensic science, medicine, and pathology, 7(3), 257-270.
 PhysicsWorld. (2019, October 17). The physics of blood spatter. IOP Publishing. Retrieved from: https://physicsworld.com/a/the-physics-of-blood-spatter/
 Thompson, E. (2018, 22 March). The Dexter Killer – Mark Twitchell. Morbidology. https://morbidology.com/the-dexter-killer-mark-twitchell/
 WIRED. (2020, January 30). Forensics Expert Explains How to Analyze Bloodstain Patterns [Video]. Youtube. https://youtu.be/0jltioeaEyY
Ep. 27 - Jim Jones & Forensic Toxicology
 Brosseau, C. (2020, March). Introduction to Forensic Toxicology. FRSC 2201. Halifax; Nova Scotia.
 Carter, T. (2013, July 25). Murder or Suicide: What I Saw. Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple. Retrieved from: https://jonestown.sdsu.edu/?page_id=31976
 Citroner, G. (2018, September 17). Cyanide poisoning: Symptoms, treatment, complications, and more. Healthline. Retrieved December 23, 2021, from https://www.healthline.com/health/cyanide-poisoning#prevention
 Conroy, O. J. (2018, November 17). An apocalyptic cult, 900 dead: remembering the Jonestown massacre, 40 years on. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/17/an-apocalyptic-cult-900-dead-remembering-the-jonestown-massacre-40-years-on
 History.com Editors. (2010, October 18). Jonestown. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved from: https://www.history.com/topics/crime/jonestown
 Jonestown. FBI. Retrieved from: https://www.fbi.gov/history/famous-cases/jonestown
 N.a. (2008, November 13). Inside the Jonestown massacre. CNN. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/11/12/jonestown.factsheet/index.html?_s=PM:US
 Real Stories. (2018, March 27). The Jonestown Massacre: Paradise Lost (Cult Documentary) [Video]. Youtube. https://youtu.be/VWqACvTknls
 Saferstein, R. (2018). Criminalistics: An introduction to forensic science (12th ed.). Pearson.
 Shsucj. (2012). Forensic research extends detection of cyanide poisoning. EurekAlert! Retrieved December 23, 2021, from https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/732014
 Stephen N. Vogel, Thomas R. Sultan & Raymond P. Ten Eyck (1981) Cyanide Poisoning, Clinical Toxicology, 18:3, 367-383, DOI: 10.3109/15563658108990043
 Valiente, A. & DelaRosa, M. (2018, September 28). 40 years after the Jonestown massacre: Jim Jones' surviving sons on what they think of their father, the Peoples Temple today. abcNEWS. Retrieved from: https://abcnews.go.com/US/40-years-jonestown-massacre-jim-jones-surviving-sons/story?id=57997006
Ep. 26 - Feral People & the National Parks Conspiracy
 asantos16. (2013). Psychology of language flashcards | Quizlet. Quizlet. Retrieved November 22, 2021, from https://quizlet.com/41871997/psychology-of-language-flash-cards/.
 Brittanica Editors. (2021, September 30). National Park. Brittanica. https://www.britannica.com/science/national-park.
 Brogaard, B. (2017, July 10). The feral child nicknamed Genie | psychology Today Canada. Psychology Today. Retrieved November 22, 2021, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201707/the-feral-child-nicknamed-genie.
 Cherry, K. (2021, February 26). The story of "Genie," a child deprived of nearly all human contact. Verywell Mind. Retrieved November 22, 2021, from https://www.verywellmind.com/genie-the-story-of-the-wild-child-2795241.
 Cook, B. (2021, May). Are there feral people in national parks? Behind TikTok's cannibal claims. THe Focus. https://www.thefocus.news/travel/feral-people-national-parks/.
 (1969). Dennis Lloyd Martin Disappearance Case File. National Park Service. https://www.nps.gov/aboutus/foia/upload/1969_GRSM_DennisMartin_dissapearance_REDACTED.pdf.
 Dark Tales. (2020, June 04). The Disappearance of Dennis Martin. Dark Tales. https://darktales.blog/2020/06/04/the-disappearance-of-dennis-martin/.
 Ferris, George C. (3 June 1902). Sanichar the Wolf-Boy of India (PDF). New York City. p. 20.
 Fredriksson, T. (2021, April 18). Tarzan was lord William Charles Midlin, 14th Earl of Streatham. Undersökande Tomas Fredriksson. Retrieved November 24, 2021, from https://underskandetomasfredriksson.net/2021/04/18/lord-william-charles-midlin-14th-earl-of-streatham/.
 Hussain, F. (2017, April 8). Raised by animals. DAWN.COM. Retrieved November 24, 2021, from https://www.dawn.com/news/1325240.
 James, S. (2008, May 19). Raised by a Tyrant, Suffering a Sibling's Abuse. ABC News. Retrieved November 22, 2021, from https://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=4873347&page=1
 Jarman, M. (2019, January 2). feral children. Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/feral-children
 Karomo, C. (2021, May 6). Where is Genie Wiley now in 2021? - the secrets about her healthcare exposed. TheNetline. Retrieved November 22, 2021, from https://thenetline.com/where-is-genie-wiley-now/
 Lakin, M. (2019, June 06). Missing in the Smokies: Dennis Martin's disappearance still haunts park, 52 years later. Knox News. https://www.knoxnews.com/story/news/local/2019/06/06/dennis-martin-missing-smoky-mountains-50-years-spence-field-mystery-smokies-search-east-tennessee/1272247001/.
 Macdonald, F. (2015, October 12). Feral: The children raised by wolves. BBC Culture. Retrieved November 23, 2021, from https://www.bbc.com/culture/article/20151012-feral-the-children-raised-by-wolves.
 Nova (1997). Genie: Secret of the Wild Child [Film]. https://topdocumentaryfilms.com/genie-secret-wild-child/.
 Spitznagel, E. (2020, July 04). Why hundreds of people vanish into the American wilderness. New York Post. https://nypost.com/2020/07/04/why-hundreds-of-people-vanish-into-the-american-wilderness/
 Zak M. (2015). A Book Like Rain in the Desert. Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature 53(2), 66-73. doi:10.1353/bkb.2015.0035.
Ep. 25 - Wayne Boden & Forensic Odontology
 AAFS. (n.d.). Odontology. American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Retrieved from: https://aafs.org/Home/Resources/Students/Sections/Odontology.aspx
 Adebowale, T. (2020, April 22). Here's What Happened to Dr. Michael West From the Innocence Files. Pulse. Retrieved from: https://www.pulse.ng/lifestyle/mens-health/heres-what-happened-to-dr-michael-west-from-the-innocence-files/k098cbf
 CIP. (n.d.). Bite Mark Evidence. California Innocence Project Retrieved from: https://californiainnocenceproject.org/issues-we-face/bite-mark-evidence/
 Divakar, K. P. (2017). Forensic Odontology: The New Dimension in Dental Analysis. International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS, 13(1), 1-5.
 Selby, D. (2020, April 26). Why Bite Mark Evidence Should Never Be Used in Criminal Trials. Innocence Project. Retrieved from: https://innocenceproject.org/what-is-bite-mark-evidence-forensic-science/
 Souviron, R., & Haller, L. (2017, December). Bite mark evidence: bite mark analysis is not the same as bite mark comparison or matching or identification. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 4(3); 617 - 622.
 UMSOD. (n.d.). Early Forensic Odontology. National Museum of Dentistry. Retrieved from: https://www.dental.umaryland.edu/museum/exhibits/online-exhibits/forensic-odontology/early-forensic-odontology/
Ep. 24 - Anatoly Moskvin & Mummies
Ep. 23 - Unsolved Serial Killers
 The Ministry of History. (28 Jan 2021). The Hammersmith Murders. The Ministry of History [internet]. Retrieved from https://www.theministryofhistory.co.uk/short-histories-blog/hammersmith-jack-the-stripper-murders (Accessed 05 Sep 2021).
Ep. 22 - Fred & Rosemary West
 Cawthorne, N. (2007). The House of Horrors. In Serial Killers and Mass Murderers: Profiles of the World's Most Barbaric Criminals (p. 272-304). Ulysses Press.
Hickey, E. W. (2002). Serial murderers and their victims (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
Ep. 21 - Nova Scotia's Notorious Past
Ep. 20 - Lethal Lovers & Female Serial Killers
Ep. 19 - Albert DeSalvo & Forensic Hypnosis
Ep. 18 - The Cannibal Special
Ep. 17 - Nelson Hart & Mr. Big Technique
 Jaksa, W. (2021). Probative vs prejudicial. [internet]. Retrieved from https://www.toronto-criminal-lawyer.co/probative-vs-prejudicial/ (accessed 07 May 2021).
 Murphy, B., & Anderson, J. (2015). Confessions to Mr Big: A new rule of evidence?. The International Journal of Evidence & Proof, 20(1): 29-48. https://doi-org.library.smu.ca/10.1177/1365712715613485.
 Patry, M.W. (November, 2020). Mr. Big Technique [Lecture]. Saint Mary’s University, PSYC 4443: Advanced Psychology & Law.
 R. v. Hart, 2014 SCC 52,  2 S.C.R. 544
 Smith, S.M., Stinson, V., & Patry, M.W. (2009). Using the “Mr. Big” technique to elicit confessions: Successful innovation or dangerous development in the Canadian legal system?. Psychology Public Policy and Law 15(3): 168-193. DOI: 10.1037/a0016962.
 Stinson, V. (October, 2019). Mr. Big Technique [Lecture]. Saint Mary’s University, PSYC 3320: Psychology & Law.
 Woods, S. (2014). A New Standard for “Mr. Big” Confessions: R v Hart . The Court [internet]. Retrieved from http://www.thecourt.ca/a-new-standard-for-mr-big-confessions-r-v-hart/ (accessed 07 May 2021).
 Absence seizures. (n.d.). Retrieved May 07, 2021, from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/epilepsy/absence-seizures#:~:text=An%20absence%20seizure%20causes%20you,by%20a%20period%20of%20hyperventilation
 R. v. Hart, 2007 NLTD 74 (CanLII), <https://canlii.ca/t/1r1tg>, retrieved on 2021-05-07
 Blanco, J. (n.d.). Nelson Hart: Murderpedia, the Encyclopedia of murderers. Retrieved May 07, 2021, from https://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hart-nelson.htm
Ep. 16 - The Phantom of Heilbronn & DNA Contamination
 AG Blogger (2020, October 13). Sources of DNA & RNA Contamination in the Lab. AG Scientific [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://agscientific.com/blog/2020/10/sources-of-dna-contamination-in-the-laboratory/
 Cale, Cynthia M., et al. “Could Secondary DNA Transfer Falsely Place Someone at the Scene of a Crime?” Journal of Forensic Science Sciences, vol. 61, no. 1, 2016, pp. 196-203, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26331369/
 Geddes, L. (2012, January 11). How DNA contamination can affect court cases. NewScientist [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328475-000-how-dna-contamination-can-affect-court-cases/
 Okorocha, O. (2020). How DNA Contamination Can Alter Court Cases. Forensic Toxicology Expert Witness [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://www.okorieokorocha.com/how-dna-contamination-can-alter-court-cases/
 Schwark, T., et al. “Phantoms in the mortuary - DNA transfer during autopsies.” Forensic Science International, vol. 216, no. 1-3, 2012, pp. 121-126, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.09.006
Ep. 15 - Colonel Russel Williams & Tire Tread Analysis
Ep. 14 - Andrei Chikatilo & Forensic Serology
Ep. 13 - Vince Li & NCRMD
Ep. 12 - Jeremy Steinke, Jasmine Richardson & YCJA
Ep. 11 - Robert Pickton & Geographic Profiling
Ep. 10 - Guy Paul Morin & Wrongful Convictions
Ep. 09 - Norfolk Four & False Confessions
Ep. 08 - Ivan Milat & Eyewitness Identification
 Blanco, J. (n.d.). Ivan Milat: Murderpedia, the encyclopedia of murderers. Retrieved December 09, 2020, from https://murderpedia.org/male.M/m/milat-ivan.htm
 Innocence Staff. (2020, April 15). How Eyewitness Misidentification Can Send Innocent People to Prison. The Innocence project. https://innocenceproject.org/how-eyewitness-misidentification-can-send-innocent-people-to-prison/.
 Knowles, M. (Director). (2019, December 3). The Backpacker Killer of Australia | Was Ivan Milat Born to Kill? | [Video file]. Retrieved December 8, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUpr2Lb3G7k
 Nunn, G. (2019, October 26). Ivan Milat: Australia's 'backpacker killer' and unanswered questions. Retrieved December 09, 2020, from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-48346543
 Patry, M., Stinson, V., & Smith, S.M. (2009). Supreme Court of Canada Addresses Admissibility of Posthypnosis Witness Evidence: R. v. Trochym (2007). Canadian Psychology, 50(2), 98-105. DOI: 10.1037/a0013767.
 Stinson, V. (2018). Lecture: Eyewitness memory in the legal system: Improving witness identification and interviewing procedures. Saint Mary’s University, Psychology and Law.
 Smalarz, L., & Wells, G.L. (2015) Contamination of Eyewitness Self-Reports and the Mistaken-Identification Problem. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(2), 120-124. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414554394.
 Wixted, J.T., Mickes, L., & Fisher, R.P. (2018). Rethinking the Reliability of Eyewitness Memory. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(3), 325-335. DOI: 10.1177/1745691617734878.
Ep. 07 - Tiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha & Ballistics
 (n.a.)(2018, September 20). See the convictions of the vigilante appointed as serial killer, in Goiás. Goias. http://g1.globo.com/goias/noticia/2016/05/veja-condenacoes-do-vigilante-apontado-como-serial-killer-em-goias.html.
 Eleftheriou-Smith, L. (2014, October 17). Brazilian serial killer suspect Thiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha, 26, 'confesses to 39 murders'. Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazilian-serial-killer-suspect-thiago-henrique-gomes-da-rocha-26-confesses-39-murders-9800574.html.
 (n.a.)(n.d.). Tiago Henrique GOMES DA ROCHA. Murderpedia.com. https://murderpedia.org/male.G/g/gomes-da-rocha-tiago.htm.
 McCoy, T. (2014, October 17). The mystery of a Brazilian called ‘one of the world’s most prolific serial killers’. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2014/10/17/the-mystery-of-a-brazilian-called-one-of-the-worlds-most-prolific-serial-killers/.
 Frasier, B. (2019, October 27). Introduction (Lecture).
 (n.a.). (n.d.). The History of Forensic Ballistics - Ballistic Fingerprinting. Incognito Forensic Foundation. https://ifflab.org/the-history-of-forensic-ballistics-ballistic-fingerprinting/.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Ballistics. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/ballistics.
 (n.a.). (2018, September 19). NIST Updates Forensic Standard Reference Materials. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2018/09/nist-updates-forensic-standard-reference-materials.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Standard Bullets and Cartridge Cases. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/pml/sensor-science/surface-and-nanostructure-metrology/standard-bullets-and-cartridge-cases.
 (n.a.). (2018, February 08). How Good a Match is It? Putting Statistics into Forensic Firearms Identification. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2018/02/how-good-match-it-putting-statistics-forensic-firearms-identification.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Guide to forensic investigations: Trace evidence, ballistics, toxicology, and DNA. Forensic Colleges. https://www.forensicscolleges.com/blog/resources/forensic-evidence-guide.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Gun timeline. History detectives: special investigations - PBS. https://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/technique/gun-timeline/.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). History of Ballistics. Minneapolis Public Schools. https://onlineelectives.mpls.k12.mn.us/ballistics.
Ep. 06 - Stephen Akinmurele & Fingerprinting
 Ashbaugh, D.R. (1992). Incipient ridges and the clarity spectrum. Journal of Forensic Identification, 42(2), 106-114.
 Fadl, S. The Cul-de-sac killer and his hatred of the elderly. n.p. 3 May 2020. [Cited 10 November 2020]. Available from: https://killertales.com/2020/05/03/the-cul-de-sac-killer-and-his-hatred-of-the-elderly/
 Lewis, J. New finger-print technology to be used at Dorset crime scenes. Buckinghamshire, UK. 26 October 2020. [Cited 10 November 2020]. Available from: https://www.bournemouthecho.co.uk/news/18821600.new-finger-print-technology-used-dorset-crime-scenes/
 Murderpedia Editors. Stephen Akinmurele [Internet]. N.p. n.d. [Cited 10 November 2020]. Available from: https://murderpedia.org/male.A/a/akinmurele.htm
 N/A. Stephen Akinmurele. (2020, July 21). Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://blackpoolcrime.wordpress.com/2016/03/02/stephen-akinmurele/
 N/A. Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body: Galleries: Technologies: The Bertillon system. (2014, June 05). Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/visibleproofs/galleries/technologies/bertillon.html
 N/A. Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body: Galleries: Biographies: Juan Vucetich (1858–1925). (2014, June 05). Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/visibleproofs/galleries/biographies/vucetich.html
 Rosewood J, Lo R. The Big Book of Serial Killers. Bolton (ON): LAK Publishing; 2017. 5-6.
Ep. 05 - Unsolved Stories
 Abbott, K. “The Children Who Went Up In Smoke,” December 25, 2012. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-children-who-went-up-in-smoke- 172429802/utm_source=facebook.com
 Truesdell, J. 5 Things to Know about the Keddie Cabin Murders - and the New Hunt for the Killers [Internet]. n.p., 2016 [cited 26 October 2020]. Available from: https://people.com/crime/keddie-cabin-28-murders-5-things-know/
 All That’s Interesting. Inside The Keddie Murders: The Confounding Quadruple Homicide At Cabin 28 [Internet]. n.p., 2019 [cited 26 October 2020]. Available from: https://allthatsinteresting.com/keddie-murders
 Jensen & Holes. The Keddie Cabin Murders [Internet]. n.p., The MurderSquad.com; 2020 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: http://themurdersquad.com/episodes/the-keddie-cabin-murders/
 Ashley, M. Investigators Allude to a Break in the Keddie Cabin Murders [Internet]. n.p., 2020 [ cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://medium.com/the-true-crime-edition/investigators-elude-to-a-break-in-the-keddie-cabin-murders-c7052435d889
 Rojas, R. What Happened to Etan Patz? Unraveling a Nearly 40-Year-Old Case [Internet]. New York (NY): New York Times; n.d. [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/30/nyregion/what-happened-to-etan-patz.html?auth=login-google.
 Remling, A. Etan Patz Timeline: What To Know About the 33-Year-Old Reopened Missing Child Investigation [Internet]. n.p.: International Business Times; 2012 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.ibtimes.com/etan-patz-timeline-what-know-about-33-year-old-reopened-missing-child- investigation-439818.
 History.com Editors. 6-year-old Etan Patz—boy on milk carton—goes missing [Internet]. N.p.: History.com; 2020 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/etan-patz-milk-carton-kids-goes-missing.
 Berman, T., & Sher, L. Etan Patz Case Reopened 31 Years Later [internet]. New york (NY): ABC News; 2010 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://abcnews.go.com/2020/etan-patz-missing-boy-case-reopened-31-years/story?id=10749565.
 Sapien, J., & Trudo, H. Missing: A Boy and The Evidence Against His Accused Killer. [Internet]. N.p.: ProPublica; 2013 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.propublica.org/article/missing-a-boy-and-the-evidence-against-his-accused killer#:~:text=Hernandez%2C%20according%20to%20court%20papers,for%20more%20than%20a%20decade.
 McKinley, J.C. Jr. Jurors in Patz Case View Suspect’s First Confession [Internet]. New York (NY): New York Times; 2012 [Cited 27 october 2020]. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/24/nyregion/as-jury-views-suspects-confession-more-questions-arise-in-patz-murder-case.html#:~:text=The%20defendant%2C%20Pedro%20Hernandez%2C%20is,right%20in%20the%20dark%20coat.&text=The%20tearful%20confession%20came%20after,had%20left%20key%20questions%20unanswered.
Ep. 04 - Toolbox Killers
 48 Cal.3d 1046 (1989) 774 P.2d 659259 Cal. Rptr. 630 THE PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent,v.LAWRENCE SIGMOND BITTAKER, Defendant and Appellant. Docket No. S004359. Crim. No. 21942. Supreme Court of California. June 22, 1989.
 Douglas JE., Burgess AW., Burgess AG., Ressler RK. Classification Manuel: A standard system for investigating crimes and classifying violent crimes. 2nd ed. San Francisco (CS): Jossey-Bass, A Wiley Imprint; 2006.
 Furio J. Team killers: A Comparative Study of Comparative Criminals. New York (NY): Algora Publishing; 2001.
 Markman D., Bosco D. Alone with the Devil: Famous cases of a courtroom psychiatrist. New York (NY): Doubleday; 1985.
 Murderpedia Editors. Lawrence Sigmund Bittaker [Internet]. N.p. n.d. [Cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bittaker-lawrence.htm
 Rasmussen E. South Bay serial killer Lawrence Bittaker dies at 79 of natural causes while on death row [Internet]. Long Beach(CA): 2019. Available from: https://www.dailybreeze.com/2019/12/16/south-bay-serial-killer-lawrence-bittaker-dies-at-79-of-natural-causes-while-on-death-row/.
 Rasmussen E. Tool Box Killers: Roy Norris, who along with Lawrence Bittaker killed 5 teens, dies in Bay Area prison [Internet]. Long Beach(CA): 2020 [Cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2020/02/26/roy-norris-who-along-with-lawrence-bittaker-killed-5-in-l-a-county-dies/#:~:text=Norris%20pleaded%20guilty%20to%20four,and%20one%20count%20of%20robbery.
Rosewood J, Lo R. The Big Book of Serial Killers. Bolton (ON): LAK Publishing; 2017. 39-42
 Shar001. Transcript of Shirly Lynette Ledford audio recording and Bittaker’s 1989 appeal paper [Internet]. N.p., n.d. [cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.tapatalk.com/groups/watchingrobertpickton88015/transcript-of-shirley-lynette-ledford-audio-record-t3312.html
 Steade S. Second of the Tool Box Killers dies in California prison [Internet]. N.p.,: 2020 [cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/02/25/second-tool-box-killer-dies-in-prison/
 The Associated Press. California killer Lawrence Bittaker, one of the 'Tool Box Killers,' dies at 79 [Internet]. San Quentin(CA): 2019 [Cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/california-killer-lawrence-bittaker-one-tool-box-killers-dies-79-n1102791
 Winerman, L. (2004, July). Psychological sleuths--Criminal profiling: The reality behind the myth. Monitor on Psychology, 35(7). Available from: http://www.apa.org/monitor/julaug04/criminal.
Ep. 03 - Paul Bernardo & DNA
 Butler JM. Advanced topics in forensic DNA typing: methodology. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, 2012.
 Cheriyedath S. Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) Technique [Internet]. News. 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 16]; Available from: https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/Restriction-Fragment-Length-Polymorphism-(RFLP)-Technique.aspx
 Cimino A. Women Who Kill: A chilling casebook of true-life murders. London (UK): Arcturus Publishing Ltd; 2019. Chapter 3, Karla Homolka; 33-41.
 DNA Casework [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 Sep 16];Available from: https://www.fbi.gov/services/laboratory/biometric-analysis/dna-casework
 DNA Evidence: Basics of Analyzing [Internet]. [cited 2020 Sep 16]; Available from: https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/dna-evidence-basics-analyzing
 Gel electrophoresis (article) [Internet]. [cited 2020 Sep 17];Available from: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/ap-biology/gene-expression-and-regulation/biotechnology/a/gel-electrophoresis
 Goswami M, Lankenau A, Laughter A, Lineberry S, Lyons S. Paul Bernardo [Internet]. Radford(VA): n.d. [Cited 15 September 2020]. Available from: http://maamodt.asp.radford.edu/Psyc%20405/serial%20killers/Bernardo,%20Paul.pd
 Justice Archie Campbell. Bernardo Investigation Review [internet]. Toronto, ON: 1996 [cited 16 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/inquiries/cornwall/en/hearings/exhibits/Wendy_Leaver/pdf/10_Campbell_Summary.pdf
 Murderpedia Editors. Paul Kenneth BERNARDO [Internet]. n.p. n.d. [Cited 15 September 2020]. Available from: https://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bernardo-paul.htm
 Panneerchelvam S, Norazmi MN. Forensic DNA profiling and database. Malays J Med Sci. 2003;10(2):20-26.
 Rosewood J, Lo R. The Big Book of Serial Killers. Bolton (ON): LAK Publishing; 2017. 21-23.
 Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) [Internet]. National Center for Biotechnology Information. [cited 2020 Sep 16]; Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/probe/docs/techrflp/
 The Canadian Press. Timeline of events in the case of convicted rapist and killer Paul Bernardo [Internet]. Toronto (ON): 2017 [Cited 15 September 2020]. Available from: https://toronto.citynews.ca/2018/10/17/timeline-of-events-in-the-case-of-convicted-rapist-and-killer-paul-bernardo/
Ep. 02 - Forensic Genealogy & the GSK
 BEE STAFF AND WIRE REPORTS. These are the crimes DeAngelo pleaded guilty to in Golden State Killer case [Internet]. Sacramento (CA): 2020 [cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.sacbee.com/news/local/crime/article243866887.html
 Biography.com Editors. Golden State Killer Biography [Internet]. (n.p.): 2020 [cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.biography.com/crime-figure/golden-state-killer
 Dale L. Without a warrant: Police use popular family tree genealogy sites to solve murder cases | Laurelly Dale [Internet]. Toronto (ON): 2019 [Cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.thelawyersdaily.ca/articles/15484/without-a-warrant-police-use-popular-family-tree-genealogy-sites-to-solve-murder-cases-laurelly-dale
 Gafni M. Here’s the ‘open-source’ genealogy DNA website that helped crack the Golden State Killer case [Internet]. Walnut Creek (CA): 2018 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2018/04/26/ancestry-23andme-deny-assisting-law-enforcement-in-east-area rapist-case/
 Guerrini CJ, Robinson JO, Petersen D, McGuire AL. Should police have access to genetic genealogy databases? Capturing the Golden State Killer and other criminals using a controversial new forensic technique. PLOS Biol. 2018; 16(10): e2006906. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2006906.
 Margaritoff, M. Meet Joseph DeAngelo, The Elusive Golden State Killer [Internet]. (n.p): 2020 [cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://allthatsinteresting.com/joseph-james deangelo#:~:text=Joseph%20James%20DeAngelo%20was%20born,War%20for%20about%2022%20months.
 O'Doherty M. Genetic Genealogy and Police Investigations [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): 2019 [Cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.bsbcriminallaw.com/blog/2019/06/genetic-genealogy-and-police-investigations.shtml
 Phillips C. The Golden State Killer investigation and the nascent field of forensic T genealogy. Forensic Sci. Int. Genet. 2018; 36: 186-188. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2018.07.010.
 Pine LG. Genealogy [Internet]. (n.p.): 2019 [cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/genealogy
 Ravani, S., Gutierrez, M., Lyons, J., Haigney, S. DNA match catches alleged ‘East Area Rapist,’ who murdered 12, raped 45 [Internet]. (n.p): 2018 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Report-East-Area-Rapist-who-murdered-12-12863488.php
 Shapiro, E. The ‘Golden State Killer’: Inside the timeline of crimes [Internet]. (n.p): 2020 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://abcnews.go.com/US/inside-timeline-crimes-golden-state-killer/story?id=54744307#:~:text=The%20notorious%20%22Golden%20State%20Killer,counts%20of%20first%2Ddegree%20murder.
 THEDNAGEEK. Timeline of Investigative Genetic Genealogy [Internet]. (n.p.): 2019 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://thednageek.com/timeline-of-investigative-genetic-genealogy/
 Verogen, Inc.. Using SNPs and STRs for Human Identification [Internet]. (n.p.): 2020 [Cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.news-medical.net/whitepaper/20200211/Using-SNPs-and-STRs-for-Human-Identification.aspx
 Wickenheiser RA. Forensic genealogy, bioethics and the Golden State Killer case. Forensic Sci. Int. Synergy. 2019; 1: 114-125. doi: 10.1016/j.fsisyn.2019.07.003.
 Zhang S. How a Tiny Website Became the Police's Go-To Genealogy Database [Internet]. Washington (DC): 2018 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/06/gedmatch-police-genealogy-database/561695/
 Zhang S. The Messy Consequences of the Golden State Killer Case [Internet]. Washington (DC): 2019 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/10/genetic-genealogy-dna-database-criminal-investigations/599005/
Ep. 01 - Introduction
 Martin DC, Dabbs GR, Roberts LG. Lemonade from Lemons: The taphonomic effect of lawn mowers on skeletal remains. J Forensic Sci. 2013; 58(5): 1273-1278
 Shelton DE. THe 'CSI Effect': Does It Really Exist? [Internet]. Washington (DC): 2008 [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/csi-effect-does-it-really-exist
 Brown DL. Tulsa plans to dig for suspected mass graves from a 1921 race massacre [Internet]. (US):2020 [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2020/02/03/tulsa-mass-graves-excavation/
 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre [Internet]. (US):(n.d.) [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.tulsahistory.org/exhibit/1921-tulsa-race-massacre/
 1921 Graves Test Excavation at Oaklawn Cemetery Complete [Internet]. Tulsa (OK): 2020 [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.cityoftulsa.org/press-room/1921-graves-test-excavation-at-oaklawn-cemetery-complete/