Ep. 20 - Lethal Lovers & Female Serial Killers
Ep. 19 - Albert DeSalvo & Forensic Hypnosis
Ep. 18 - The Cannibal Special
Ep. 17 - Nelson Hart & Mr. Big Technique
 Jaksa, W. (2021). Probative vs prejudicial. [internet]. Retrieved from https://www.toronto-criminal-lawyer.co/probative-vs-prejudicial/ (accessed 07 May 2021).
 Murphy, B., & Anderson, J. (2015). Confessions to Mr Big: A new rule of evidence?. The International Journal of Evidence & Proof, 20(1): 29-48. https://doi-org.library.smu.ca/10.1177/1365712715613485.
 Patry, M.W. (November, 2020). Mr. Big Technique [Lecture]. Saint Mary’s University, PSYC 4443: Advanced Psychology & Law.
 R. v. Hart, 2014 SCC 52,  2 S.C.R. 544
 Smith, S.M., Stinson, V., & Patry, M.W. (2009). Using the “Mr. Big” technique to elicit confessions: Successful innovation or dangerous development in the Canadian legal system?. Psychology Public Policy and Law 15(3): 168-193. DOI: 10.1037/a0016962.
 Stinson, V. (October, 2019). Mr. Big Technique [Lecture]. Saint Mary’s University, PSYC 3320: Psychology & Law.
 Woods, S. (2014). A New Standard for “Mr. Big” Confessions: R v Hart . The Court [internet]. Retrieved from http://www.thecourt.ca/a-new-standard-for-mr-big-confessions-r-v-hart/ (accessed 07 May 2021).
 Absence seizures. (n.d.). Retrieved May 07, 2021, from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/epilepsy/absence-seizures#:~:text=An%20absence%20seizure%20causes%20you,by%20a%20period%20of%20hyperventilation
 R. v. Hart, 2007 NLTD 74 (CanLII), <https://canlii.ca/t/1r1tg>, retrieved on 2021-05-07
 Blanco, J. (n.d.). Nelson Hart: Murderpedia, the Encyclopedia of murderers. Retrieved May 07, 2021, from https://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hart-nelson.htm
Ep. 16 - The Phantom of Heilbronn & DNA Contamination
 AG Blogger (2020, October 13). Sources of DNA & RNA Contamination in the Lab. AG Scientific [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://agscientific.com/blog/2020/10/sources-of-dna-contamination-in-the-laboratory/
 Cale, Cynthia M., et al. “Could Secondary DNA Transfer Falsely Place Someone at the Scene of a Crime?” Journal of Forensic Science Sciences, vol. 61, no. 1, 2016, pp. 196-203, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26331369/
 Geddes, L. (2012, January 11). How DNA contamination can affect court cases. NewScientist [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328475-000-how-dna-contamination-can-affect-court-cases/
 Okorocha, O. (2020). How DNA Contamination Can Alter Court Cases. Forensic Toxicology Expert Witness [Internet]. Retrieved from: https://www.okorieokorocha.com/how-dna-contamination-can-alter-court-cases/
 Schwark, T., et al. “Phantoms in the mortuary - DNA transfer during autopsies.” Forensic Science International, vol. 216, no. 1-3, 2012, pp. 121-126, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.09.006
Ep. 15 - Colonel Russel Williams & Tire Tread Analysis
Ep. 14 - Andrei Chikatilo & Forensic Serology
Ep. 13 - Vince Li & NCRMD
Ep. 12 - Jeremy Steinke, Jasmine Richardson & YCJA
Ep. 11 - Robert Pickton & Geographic Profiling
Ep. 10 - Guy Paul Morin & Wrongful Convictions
Ep. 09 - Norfolk Four & False Confessions
Ep. 08 - Ivan Milat & Eyewitness Identification
 Blanco, J. (n.d.). Ivan Milat: Murderpedia, the encyclopedia of murderers. Retrieved December 09, 2020, from https://murderpedia.org/male.M/m/milat-ivan.htm
 Innocence Staff. (2020, April 15). How Eyewitness Misidentification Can Send Innocent People to Prison. The Innocence project. https://innocenceproject.org/how-eyewitness-misidentification-can-send-innocent-people-to-prison/.
 Knowles, M. (Director). (2019, December 3). The Backpacker Killer of Australia | Was Ivan Milat Born to Kill? | [Video file]. Retrieved December 8, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUpr2Lb3G7k
 Nunn, G. (2019, October 26). Ivan Milat: Australia's 'backpacker killer' and unanswered questions. Retrieved December 09, 2020, from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-48346543
 Patry, M., Stinson, V., & Smith, S.M. (2009). Supreme Court of Canada Addresses Admissibility of Posthypnosis Witness Evidence: R. v. Trochym (2007). Canadian Psychology, 50(2), 98-105. DOI: 10.1037/a0013767.
 Stinson, V. (2018). Lecture: Eyewitness memory in the legal system: Improving witness identification and interviewing procedures. Saint Mary’s University, Psychology and Law.
 Smalarz, L., & Wells, G.L. (2015) Contamination of Eyewitness Self-Reports and the Mistaken-Identification Problem. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(2), 120-124. DOI: 10.1177/0963721414554394.
 Wixted, J.T., Mickes, L., & Fisher, R.P. (2018). Rethinking the Reliability of Eyewitness Memory. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(3), 325-335. DOI: 10.1177/1745691617734878.
Ep. 07 - Tiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha & Ballistics
 (n.a.)(2018, September 20). See the convictions of the vigilante appointed as serial killer, in Goiás. Goias. http://g1.globo.com/goias/noticia/2016/05/veja-condenacoes-do-vigilante-apontado-como-serial-killer-em-goias.html.
 Eleftheriou-Smith, L. (2014, October 17). Brazilian serial killer suspect Thiago Henrique Gomes da Rocha, 26, 'confesses to 39 murders'. Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazilian-serial-killer-suspect-thiago-henrique-gomes-da-rocha-26-confesses-39-murders-9800574.html.
 (n.a.)(n.d.). Tiago Henrique GOMES DA ROCHA. Murderpedia.com. https://murderpedia.org/male.G/g/gomes-da-rocha-tiago.htm.
 McCoy, T. (2014, October 17). The mystery of a Brazilian called ‘one of the world’s most prolific serial killers’. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2014/10/17/the-mystery-of-a-brazilian-called-one-of-the-worlds-most-prolific-serial-killers/.
 Frasier, B. (2019, October 27). Introduction (Lecture).
 (n.a.). (n.d.). The History of Forensic Ballistics - Ballistic Fingerprinting. Incognito Forensic Foundation. https://ifflab.org/the-history-of-forensic-ballistics-ballistic-fingerprinting/.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Ballistics. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/ballistics.
 (n.a.). (2018, September 19). NIST Updates Forensic Standard Reference Materials. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2018/09/nist-updates-forensic-standard-reference-materials.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Standard Bullets and Cartridge Cases. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/pml/sensor-science/surface-and-nanostructure-metrology/standard-bullets-and-cartridge-cases.
 (n.a.). (2018, February 08). How Good a Match is It? Putting Statistics into Forensic Firearms Identification. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2018/02/how-good-match-it-putting-statistics-forensic-firearms-identification.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Guide to forensic investigations: Trace evidence, ballistics, toxicology, and DNA. Forensic Colleges. https://www.forensicscolleges.com/blog/resources/forensic-evidence-guide.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). Gun timeline. History detectives: special investigations - PBS. https://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/technique/gun-timeline/.
 (n.a.). (n.d.). History of Ballistics. Minneapolis Public Schools. https://onlineelectives.mpls.k12.mn.us/ballistics.
Ep. 06 - Stephen Akinmurele & Fingerprinting
 Ashbaugh, D.R. (1992). Incipient ridges and the clarity spectrum. Journal of Forensic Identification, 42(2), 106-114.
 Fadl, S. The Cul-de-sac killer and his hatred of the elderly. n.p. 3 May 2020. [Cited 10 November 2020]. Available from: https://killertales.com/2020/05/03/the-cul-de-sac-killer-and-his-hatred-of-the-elderly/
 Lewis, J. New finger-print technology to be used at Dorset crime scenes. Buckinghamshire, UK. 26 October 2020. [Cited 10 November 2020]. Available from: https://www.bournemouthecho.co.uk/news/18821600.new-finger-print-technology-used-dorset-crime-scenes/
 Murderpedia Editors. Stephen Akinmurele [Internet]. N.p. n.d. [Cited 10 November 2020]. Available from: https://murderpedia.org/male.A/a/akinmurele.htm
 N/A. Stephen Akinmurele. (2020, July 21). Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://blackpoolcrime.wordpress.com/2016/03/02/stephen-akinmurele/
 N/A. Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body: Galleries: Technologies: The Bertillon system. (2014, June 05). Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/visibleproofs/galleries/technologies/bertillon.html
 N/A. Visible Proofs: Forensic Views of the Body: Galleries: Biographies: Juan Vucetich (1858–1925). (2014, June 05). Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/visibleproofs/galleries/biographies/vucetich.html
Rosewood J, Lo R. The Big Book of Serial Killers. Bolton (ON): LAK Publishing; 2017. 5-6.
Ep. 05 - Unsolved Stories
 Abbott, K. “The Children Who Went Up In Smoke,” December 25, 2012. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-children-who-went-up-in-smoke-172429802/utm_source=facebook.com.
 Truesdell, J. 5 Things to Know about the Keddie Cabin Murders - and the New Hunt for the Killers [Internet]. n.p., 2016 [cited 26 October 2020]. Available from: https://people.com/crime/keddie-cabin-28-murders-5-things-know/
 All That’s Interesting. Inside The Keddie Murders: The Confounding Quadruple Homicide At Cabin 28 [Internet]. n.p., 2019 [cited 26 October 2020]. Available from: https://allthatsinteresting.com/keddie-murders
 Jensen & Holes. The Keddie Cabin Murders [Internet]. n.p., The MurderSquad.com; 2020 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: http://themurdersquad.com/episodes/the-keddie-cabin-murders/
 Ashley, M. Investigators Allude to a Break in the Keddie Cabin Murders [Internet]. n.p., 2020 [ cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://medium.com/the-true-crime-edition/investigators-elude-to-a-break-in-the-keddie-cabin-murders-c7052435d889
 Rojas, R. What Happened to Etan Patz? Unraveling a Nearly 40-Year-Old Case [Internet]. New York (NY): New York Times; n.d. [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/30/nyregion/what-happened-to-etan-patz.html?auth=login-google.
 Remling, A. Etan Patz Timeline: What To Know About the 33-Year-Old Reopened Missing Child Investigation [Internet]. n.p.: International Business Times; 2012 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.ibtimes.com/etan-patz-timeline-what-know-about-33-year-old-reopened-missing-child-investigation-439818.
 History.com Editors. 6-year-old Etan Patz—boy on milk carton—goes missing [Internet]. N.p.: History.com; 2020 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/etan-patz-milk-carton-kids-goes-missing.
 Berman, T., & Sher, L. Etan Patz Case Reopened 31 Years Later [internet]. New york (NY): ABC News; 2010 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://abcnews.go.com/2020/etan-patz-missing-boy-case-reopened-31-years/story?id=10749565.
 Sapien, J., & Trudo, H. Missing: A Boy and The Evidence Against His Accused Killer. [Internet]. N.p.: ProPublica; 2013 [cited 27 October 2020]. Available from: https://www.propublica.org/article/missing-a-boy-and-the-evidence-against-his-accused-killer#:~:text=Hernandez%2C%20according%20to%20court%20papers,for%20more%20than%20a%20decade.
 McKinley, J.C. Jr. Jurors in Patz Case View Suspect’s First Confession [Internet]. New York (NY): New York Times; 2012 [Cited 27 october 2020]. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/24/nyregion/as-jury-views-suspects-confession-more-questions-arise-in-patz-murder-case.html#:~:text=The%20defendant%2C%20Pedro%20Hernandez%2C%20is,right%20in%20the%20dark%20coat.&text=The%20tearful%20confession%20came%20after,had%20left%20key%20questions%20unanswered.
Ep. 04 - Toolbox Killers
 48 Cal.3d 1046 (1989) 774 P.2d 659259 Cal. Rptr. 630 THE PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent,v.LAWRENCE SIGMOND BITTAKER, Defendant and Appellant. Docket No. S004359. Crim. No. 21942. Supreme Court of California. June 22, 1989.
 Douglas JE., Burgess AW., Burgess AG., Ressler RK. Classification Manuel: A standard system for investigating crimes and classifying violent crimes. 2nd ed. San Francisco (CS): Jossey-Bass, A Wiley Imprint; 2006.
 Furio J. Team killers: A Comparative Study of Comparative Criminals. New York (NY): Algora Publishing; 2001.
 Markman D., Bosco D. Alone with the Devil: Famous cases of a courtroom psychiatrist. New York (NY): Doubleday; 1985.
 Murderpedia Editors. Lawrence Sigmund Bittaker [Internet]. N.p. n.d. [Cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bittaker-lawrence.htm
 Rasmussen E. South Bay serial killer Lawrence Bittaker dies at 79 of natural causes while on death row [Internet]. Long Beach(CA): 2019. Available from: https://www.dailybreeze.com/2019/12/16/south-bay-serial-killer-lawrence-bittaker-dies-at-79-of-natural-causes-while-on-death-row/.
 Rasmussen E. Tool Box Killers: Roy Norris, who along with Lawrence Bittaker killed 5 teens, dies in Bay Area prison [Internet]. Long Beach(CA): 2020 [Cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2020/02/26/roy-norris-who-along-with-lawrence-bittaker-killed-5-in-l-a-county-dies/#:~:text=Norris%20pleaded%20guilty%20to%20four,and%20one%20count%20of%20robbery.
Rosewood J, Lo R. The Big Book of Serial Killers. Bolton (ON): LAK Publishing; 2017. 39-42
 Shar001. Transcript of Shirly Lynette Ledford audio recording and Bittaker’s 1989 appeal paper [Internet]. N.p., n.d. [cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.tapatalk.com/groups/watchingrobertpickton88015/transcript-of-shirley-lynette-ledford-audio-record-t3312.html
 Steade S. Second of the Tool Box Killers dies in California prison [Internet]. N.p.,: 2020 [cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/02/25/second-tool-box-killer-dies-in-prison/
 The Associated Press. California killer Lawrence Bittaker, one of the 'Tool Box Killers,' dies at 79 [Internet]. San Quentin(CA): 2019 [Cited 29 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/california-killer-lawrence-bittaker-one-tool-box-killers-dies-79-n1102791
 Winerman, L. (2004, July). Psychological sleuths--Criminal profiling: The reality behind the myth. Monitor on Psychology, 35(7). Available from: http://www.apa.org/monitor/julaug04/criminal.
Ep. 03 - Paul Bernardo & DNA
 Butler JM. Advanced topics in forensic DNA typing: methodology. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, 2012.
 Cheriyedath S. Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) Technique [Internet]. News. 2019 [cited 2020 Sep 16]; Available from: https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/Restriction-Fragment-Length-Polymorphism-(RFLP)-Technique.aspx
 Cimino A. Women Who Kill: A chilling casebook of true-life murders. London (UK): Arcturus Publishing Ltd; 2019. Chapter 3, Karla Homolka; 33-41.
 DNA Casework [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2020 Sep 16];Available from: https://www.fbi.gov/services/laboratory/biometric-analysis/dna-casework
 DNA Evidence: Basics of Analyzing [Internet]. [cited 2020 Sep 16]; Available from: https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/dna-evidence-basics-analyzing
 Gel electrophoresis (article) [Internet]. [cited 2020 Sep 17];Available from: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/ap-biology/gene-expression-and-regulation/biotechnology/a/gel-electrophoresis
 Goswami M, Lankenau A, Laughter A, Lineberry S, Lyons S. Paul Bernardo [Internet]. Radford(VA): n.d. [Cited 15 September 2020]. Available from: http://maamodt.asp.radford.edu/Psyc%20405/serial%20killers/Bernardo,%20Paul.pd
 Justice Archie Campbell. Bernardo Investigation Review [internet]. Toronto, ON: 1996 [cited 16 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/inquiries/cornwall/en/hearings/exhibits/Wendy_Leaver/pdf/10_Campbell_Summary.pdf
 Murderpedia Editors. Paul Kenneth BERNARDO [Internet]. n.p. n.d. [Cited 15 September 2020]. Available from: https://murderpedia.org/male.B/b/bernardo-paul.htm
 Panneerchelvam S, Norazmi MN. Forensic DNA profiling and database. Malays J Med Sci. 2003;10(2):20-26.
 Rosewood J, Lo R. The Big Book of Serial Killers. Bolton (ON): LAK Publishing; 2017. 21-23.
 Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) [Internet]. National Center for Biotechnology Information. [cited 2020 Sep 16];Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/probe/docs/techrflp/
 The Canadian Press. Timeline of events in the case of convicted rapist and killer Paul Bernardo [Internet]. Toronto (ON): 2017 [Cited 15 September 2020]. Available from: https://toronto.citynews.ca/2018/10/17/timeline-of-events-in-the-case-of-convicted-rapist-and-killer-paul-bernardo/
Ep. 02 - Forensic Genealogy & the GSK
 BEE STAFF AND WIRE REPORTS. These are the crimes DeAngelo pleaded guilty to in Golden State Killer case [Internet]. Sacramento (CA): 2020 [cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.sacbee.com/news/local/crime/article243866887.html
 Biography.com Editors. Golden State Killer Biography [Internet]. (n.p.): 2020 [cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.biography.com/crime-figure/golden-state-killer
 Dale L. Without a warrant: Police use popular family tree genealogy sites to solve murder cases | Laurelly Dale [Internet]. Toronto (ON): 2019 [Cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.thelawyersdaily.ca/articles/15484/without-a-warrant-police-use-popular-family-tree-genealogy-sites-to-solve-murder-cases-laurelly-dale
 Gafni M. Here’s the ‘open-source’ genealogy DNA website that helped crack the Golden State Killer case [Internet]. Walnut Creek (CA): 2018 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2018/04/26/ancestry-23andme-deny-assisting-law-enforcement-in-east-area-rapist-case/
 Guerrini CJ, Robinson JO, Petersen D, McGuire AL. Should police have access to genetic genealogy databases? Capturing the Golden State Killer and other criminals using a controversial new forensic technique. PLOS Biol. 2018; 16(10): e2006906. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2006906.
 Margaritoff, M. Meet Joseph DeAngelo, The Elusive Golden State Killer [Internet]. (n.p): 2020 [cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://allthatsinteresting.com/joseph-james-deangelo#:~:text=Joseph%20James%20DeAngelo%20was%20born,War%20for%20about%2022%20months.
 O'Doherty M. Genetic Genealogy and Police Investigations [Internet]. Ottawa (ON): 2019 [Cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.bsbcriminallaw.com/blog/2019/06/genetic-genealogy-and-police-investigations.shtml
 Phillips C. The Golden State Killer investigation and the nascent field of forensic T genealogy. Forensic Sci. Int. Genet. 2018; 36: 186-188. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2018.07.010.
 Pine LG. Genealogy [Internet]. (n.p.): 2019 [cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/genealogy
 Ravani, S., Gutierrez, M., Lyons, J., Haigney, S. DNA match catches alleged ‘East Area Rapist,’ who murdered 12, raped 45 [Internet]. (n.p): 2018 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Report-East-Area-Rapist-who-murdered-12-12863488.php
 Shapiro, E. The ‘Golden State Killer’: Inside the timeline of crimes [Internet]. (n.p): 2020 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://abcnews.go.com/US/inside-timeline-crimes-golden-state-killer/story?id=54744307#:~:text=The%20notorious%20%22Golden%20State%20Killer,counts%20of%20first%2Ddegree%20murder.
 THEDNAGEEK. Timeline of Investigative Genetic Genealogy [Internet]. (n.p.): 2019 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://thednageek.com/timeline-of-investigative-genetic-genealogy/
 Verogen, Inc.. Using SNPs and STRs for Human Identification [Internet]. (n.p.): 2020 [Cited 08 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.news-medical.net/whitepaper/20200211/Using-SNPs-and-STRs-for-Human-Identification.aspx
 Wickenheiser RA. Forensic genealogy, bioethics and the Golden State Killer case. Forensic Sci. Int. Synergy. 2019; 1: 114-125. doi: 10.1016/j.fsisyn.2019.07.003.
 Zhang S. How a Tiny Website Became the Police's Go-To Genealogy Database [Internet]. Washington (DC): 2018 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/06/gedmatch-police-genealogy-database/561695/
 Zhang S. The Messy Consequences of the Golden State Killer Case [Internet]. Washington (DC): 2019 [Cited 07 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/10/genetic-genealogy-dna-database-criminal-investigations/599005/
Ep. 01 - Introduction
 Martin DC, Dabbs GR, Roberts LG. Lemonade from Lemons: The taphonomic effect of lawn mowers on skeletal remains. J Forensic Sci. 2013; 58(5): 1273-1278
 Shelton DE. THe 'CSI Effect': Does It Really Exist? [Internet]. Washington (DC): 2008 [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://nij.ojp.gov/topics/articles/csi-effect-does-it-really-exist
 Brown DL. Tulsa plans to dig for suspected mass graves from a 1921 race massacre [Internet]. (US):2020 [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2020/02/03/tulsa-mass-graves-excavation/
 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre [Internet]. (US):(n.d.) [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.tulsahistory.org/exhibit/1921-tulsa-race-massacre/
 1921 Graves Test Excavation at Oaklawn Cemetery Complete [Internet]. Tulsa (OK): 2020 [Cited 02 September 2020]. Available from: https://www.cityoftulsa.org/press-room/1921-graves-test-excavation-at-oaklawn-cemetery-complete/